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Port of Kaohsiung Typhoon Evacuation Regulations for Container Ships

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Port of Kaohsiung Typhoon Evacuation Regulations for Container Ships

Designation Status Mandatory Response Notes
Super Typhoon Approach from the east (Pacific), Taiwan Strait, or Bashi Channel
  1. All >30k gross ton container ships and >5k gross ton vessels that are carrying dangerous or hazardous materials shall evacuate the port to wait out the storm. Furthermore, due to the greater wind exposure of Wharf Nos. 30, 104, and 105, vessels of less than 5k gross tons that are berthed at these wharves and that are carrying dangerous or hazardous materials shall also evacuate the port to wait out the storm.
  2. All >15k gross ton RO/RO ships and >30k gross ton passenger ships shall evacuate the port to wait out the storm.
  3. All ships that are tethered to mooring buoys inside the port or anchored in the anchoring area outside the port shall clear out to sea or otherwise disperse for safety.
  4. All >50k gross ton bulk cargo vessels inside the port shall evacuate the port to wait out the storm. However, if the captain signs an affidavit that his/her vessel has a draught of >8m and if moorings are strengthened in accordance with regulation, the said vessel may be permitted to remain in port during the storm. The owners of large <50k gross ton bulk cargo vessels shall decide based on their individual safety considerations whether their vessels shall remain tethered in port or be evacuated to open waters. Those deciding to remain in port shall abide by the requirements in appendix 2 in terms of securing moorings and of other typhoon preparation measures.
  5. Vessels of >60k gross tons that are currently under construction or under repair should enter their associated shipyard or evacuate into open waters. Vessels that remain in port should eject their ballast water, strengthen moorings and staffing, and keep tug capabilities on standby. If the responsible party is unable to eject ballast, they shall take all measures necessary to assess typhoon damage risks and strengthen moorings, anchorage, and other typhoon response measures. If a vessel becomes unmoored / adrift due to insufficient or ineffective typhoon-preparation measures resulting in damage / loss, the responsible party shall not use force majeure to advocate for reduced responsibility for said damages or losses.
Evacuation schedule shall be announced by the Harbor Master in accordance with current typhoon status.
Medium Typhoon Approach from the east (Pacific)
  1. Container ships of >30k gross tons that are moored at any of the following 12 wharves shall evacuate port to wait out the storm. WHARVES: Container Terminal No. 5 wharves 76; Container Terminal No. 6 wharves 108, 109, 110, & 111 and Container Terminal No. 4 wharves 115, 116, 117, 118, 119, 120 & 121.
  2. Under conditions of Force 7 winds or greater (referencing Taiwan Central Weather Bureau wind speed estimates), all remaining container ships of >50k gross tons that are docked at KaoPort wharves shall evacuate the port to wait out the storm.
  3. Operators of other vessels not otherwise designated shall decide whether their vessels shall remain tethered in port or be evacuated to open waters. Those intending to evacuate should do so when winds are at Force 5 or below.
  4. All >5k gross ton vessels that are carrying dangerous or hazardous materials shall evacuate the port to wait out the storm. Furthermore, due to the greater wind exposure of Wharf Nos. 30, 104, and 105, vessels of less than 5k gross tons that are berthed at these wharves and that are carrying dangerous or hazardous materials shall also evacuate the port to wait out the storm.
  5. All >15k gross ton RO/RO ships and >50k gross ton passenger ships shall evacuate the port to wait out the storm.
  6. All ships that are tethered to mooring buoys inside the port or anchored in the anchoring area outside the port shall clear out to sea or otherwise disperse for safety.
  7. All >60k gross ton bulk cargo vessels inside the port shall evacuate the port to wait out the storm. However, if the captain signs an affidavit that his/her vessel has a draught of >8m and if moorings are strengthened in accordance with regulation, the said vessel may be permitted to remain in port during the storm. The owners of large <60k gross ton bulk cargo vessels shall decide based on their individual safety considerations whether their vessels shall remain tethered in port or be evacuated to open waters. Those deciding to remain in port shall abide by the requirements in appendix 2 in terms of securing moorings and of other typhoon preparation measures. Separately, bulk cargo vessels of >50k gross tons that are moored at Wharf 122 shall be required to evacuate into open waters.
  8. Vessels of >60k gross tons that are currently under construction
    or under repair should enter their associated shipyard or evacuate into open waters. Vessels that remain in port should eject their ballast water, strengthen moorings and staffing, and keep tug capabilities on standby. If the responsible party is unable to eject ballast, they shall take all measures necessary to assess typhoon damage risks and strengthen moorings, anchorage, and other typhoon response measures. If a vessel becomes unmoored / adrift due to insufficient or ineffective typhoon-preparation measures resulting in damage / loss, the responsible party shall not use force majeure to advocate for reduced responsibility for said damages or losses.
 
Approach from the Taiwan Strait or Bashi Channel
  1. All >30k gross ton container ships and >5k gross ton vessels that are carrying dangerous or hazardous materials shall evacuate the port to wait out the storm. Furthermore, due to the greater wind exposure of Wharf Nos. 30, 104, and 105, vessels of less than 5k gross tons that are berthed at these wharves and that are carrying dangerous or hazardous materials shall also evacuate the port to wait out the storm.
  2. All >15k gross ton RO/RO ships and >30k gross ton passenger ships shall evacuate the port to wait out the storm.
  3. All ships that are tethered to mooring buoys inside the port or anchored in the anchoring area outside the port shall clear out to sea or otherwise disperse for safety.
  4. All >50k gross ton bulk cargo vessels inside the port shall evacuate the port to wait out the storm. However, if the captain signs an affidavit that his/her vessel has a draught of >8m and if moorings are strengthened in accordance with regulation, the said vessel may be permitted to remain in port during the storm. The owners of large <50k gross ton bulk cargo vessels shall decide based on their individual safety considerations whether their vessels shall remain tethered in port or be evacuated to open waters. Those deciding to remain in port shall abide by the requirements in appendix 2 in terms of securing moorings and of other typhoon preparation measures.
  5. Vessels of >60k gross tons that are currently under construction or under repair should enter their associated shipyard or evacuate into open waters. Vessels that remain in port should eject their ballast water, strengthen moorings and staffing, and keep tug capabilities on standby. If the responsible party is unable to eject ballast, they shall take all measures necessary to assess typhoon damage risks and strengthen moorings,
    anchorage, and other typhoon response measures. If a vessel becomes unmoored / adrift due to insufficient or ineffective typhoon-preparation measures resulting in damage / loss, the responsible party shall not use force majeure to advocate for reduced responsibility for said damages or losses.
 
Mild Typhoon Approach from the east (Pacific)
  1. Container ships of >50k gross tons that are moored at any of the following 12 wharves shall evacuate port to wait out the storm. WHARVES: Container Terminal No. 5 wharves 76; Container Terminal No. 6 wharves 108, 109, 110, & 111 and Container Terminal No. 4 wharves 115, 116, 117, 118, 119, 120 & 121.
  2. All remaining container ships of >80k gross tons that are docked at KaoPort wharves shall evacuate the port to wait out the storm.
  3. Operators of other vessels not otherwise designated shall decide whether their vessels shall remain tethered in port or be evacuated to open waters. Those intending to evacuate should do so when winds are at Force 5 or below.
  4. All >5k gross ton vessels that are carrying dangerous or hazardous materials shall evacuate the port to wait out the storm. Furthermore, due to the greater wind exposure of Wharf Nos. 30, 104, and 105, vessels of less than 5k gross tons that are berthed at these wharves and that are carrying dangerous or hazardous materials shall also evacuate the port to wait out the storm.
  5. All >15k gross ton RO/RO ships and >50k gross ton passenger ships shall evacuate the port to wait out the storm.
  6. All ships that are tethered to mooring buoys inside the port or anchored in the anchoring area outside the port shall clear out to sea or otherwise disperse for safety.
  7. All >60k gross ton bulk cargo vessels inside the port shall evacuate the port to wait out the storm. However, if the captain signs an affidavit that his/her vessel has a draught of >8m and if moorings are strengthened in accordance with regulation, the said vessel may be permitted to remain in port during the storm. The owners of large <60k gross ton bulk cargo vessels shall decide based on their individual safety considerations whether their vessels shall remain tethered in port or be evacuated to
    open waters. Those deciding to remain in port shall abide by the requirements in appendix 2 in terms of securing moorings and of other typhoon preparation measures. Separately, bulk cargo vessels of >50k gross tons that are moored at Wharf 122 shall be required to evacuate into open waters.
  8. Vessels of >60k gross tons that are currently under construction or under repair should enter their associated shipyard or evacuate into open waters. Vessels that remain in port should eject their ballast water, strengthen moorings and staffing, and keep tug capabilities on standby. If the responsible party is unable to eject ballast, they shall take all measures necessary to assess typhoon damage risks and strengthen moorings, anchorage, and other typhoon response measures. If a vessel becomes unmoored / adrift due to insufficient or ineffective typhoon-preparation measures resulting in damage / loss, the responsible party shall not use force majeure to advocate for reduced responsibility for said damages or losses..
 
Approach from the Taiwan Strait or the Bashi Channel
  1. Container ships of >50k gross tons that are moored at any of the following 12 wharves shall evacuate port to wait out the storm. WHARVES: Container Terminal No. 5 wharves 76; Container Terminal No. 6 wharves 108, 109, 110, & 111 and Container Terminal No. 4 wharves 115, 116, 117, 118, 119, 120 & 121.
  2. All remaining container ships of >80k gross tons that are docked at KaoPort wharves shall evacuate the port to wait out the storm.
  3. Operators of other vessels not otherwise designated shall decide whether their vessels shall remain tethered in port or be evacuated to open waters. Those intending to evacuate should do so when winds are at Force 5 or below.
  4. The TIPC Typhoon Response Command Center will handle vessels docked at Container Terminal No. 6 Wharf 111 based on vessel type.
  5. All >5k gross ton vessels that are carrying dangerous or hazardous materials shall evacuate the port to wait out the storm. Furthermore, due to the greater wind exposure of Wharf Nos. 30, 104, and 105, vessels of less than 5k gross tons that are berthed at these wharves and that are carrying dangerous or hazardous materials shall also evacuate the port to wait out the storm.
  6. All ships that are tethered to mooring buoys inside the port or anchored in the anchoring area outside the port shall clear out to sea or otherwise disperse for safety.
  7. All >50k gross ton bulk cargo vessels inside the port shall evacuate the port to wait out the storm. However, if the captain signs an affidavit that his/her vessel has a draught of >8m and if moorings are strengthened in accordance with regulation, the said vessel may be permitted to remain in port during the storm. The owners of large <50k gross ton bulk cargo vessels shall decide based on their individual safety considerations whether their vessels shall remain tethered in port or be evacuated to open waters. Those deciding to remain in port shall abide by the requirements in appendix 2 in terms of securing moorings and of other typhoon preparation measures.
  8. Vessels of >50k gross tons that are currently under construction or under repair should enter their associated shipyard or evacuate into open waters. Vessels that remain in port should eject their ballast water, strengthen moorings and staffing, and keep tug capabilities on standby. If the responsible party is unable to eject ballast, they shall take all measures necessary to assess typhoon damage risks and strengthen moorings, anchorage, and other typhoon response measures. If a vessel becomes unmoored / adrift due to insufficient or ineffective typhoon-preparation measures resulting in damage / loss, the responsible party shall not use force majeure to advocate for reduced responsibility for said damages or losses.
 
Typhoon Sea or Land Warning Force 7 (moderate) gale windstorm nearing / reaching the Kaohsiung Area.
  1. When winds reach gale force 5 and force 7, respectively, the POK Typhoon Command Center (TCC) shall announce suspensions of vessel access at Harbor Entrances 1 and 2 in accordance with regulations.
  2. When winds reach gale force 7, the TCC shall announce the suspension of all sea and land activity within the jurisdiction of the port. Work at leased container wharves may continue at the discretion of each wharf operator.
 

Notes:

  1. 6 hours prior to estimated landfall on the East Coast and 12 hours prior to estimated landfall on the West Coast of a Force 7 typhoon, the harbor master will decide the times at which buoy-moored, anchorage-area, passenger, dangerous-cargo, container ships, and large bulk cargo vessels shall evacuate the port to wait out the oncoming storm. At this time, the POK Typhoon Command Center shall also contact by phone or fax all vessels (including passenger vessels) that are moored at buoys regarding whether to relocate to landside berths or to evacuate to open waters to wait out the storm.
  2. Enhanced mooring tie regulations enforced on vessels remaining in port during a typhoon are as follows:
    • <10k ton vessels: minimum 5 mooring lines each on bow and stern sections (number includes spring lines);
    • >10k ton vessels: minimum 7 mooring lines each on bow and stern sections (number includes spring lines).
  3. Mandatory Typhoon Evacuation Procedures: Ship Evacuation Priorities
    • First priority shall be given to the evacuation of international passenger ships.
    • Second priority shall be given to ships berthed at the following 12wharves: Container Terminal No. 5 Wharf 76; Container Terminal No. 6 Wharves 108, 109 & 110&111; and Container Terminal No. 4 Wharves 115, 116, 117, 118, 119, 120 & 121.
    • Third priority shall be given other large sized container ships and RO/RO vessels.
  4. Vessels not covered by mandatory response measures but otherwise determined to present a danger in port during typhoon conditions may also be directed by the TIPC to evacuate to open waters to wait out the storm.
  5. All vessels permitted to remain in port under typhoon conditions should nonetheless carefully assess current vessel conditions, cargo status and other variables and, if such justifies, evacuate the port voluntarily as early as possible to wait out the storm. Vessels remaining in port during a typhoon must follow all relevant regulations, strengthen mooring lines and implement all typhoon prevention measures. Vessels choosing to evacuate to the open sea should make preparations to do so as early as possible and depart during permitted times.
  6. The POK Typhoon Command Center shall determine and announce the times at which Harbor Entrances 1 and 2 shall reopen to vessel traffic and the time at which work at the port shall recommence based on current port weather conditions and on wind-speed reports issued by the Central Weather Bureau.
Last updated:2017-07-07
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