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Port of Kaohsiung Water Traffic Guidelines

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Port of Kaohsiung Water Traffic Guidelines

Chapter Ⅰ General Provisions Chapter Ⅵ Anchorage and Berthing of Vessel
Chapter Ⅱ Reporting System Chapter Ⅶ Traffic Administration
Chapter Ⅲ Vessel TrafficManagement Chapter Ⅷ Miscellaneous Provisions
Chapter Ⅳ Vessel Traffic Service Annex Ⅰ The Traffic Separation Schemes
Chapter Ⅴ Vessel Navigation Annex 2 Anchorage Areas
 

 

Chapter Ⅰ General Provisions

 

  Article 1 Purpose
  These guidelines are intended to enhance traffic administration at the Port of Kaohsiung, maintain water traffic order, and safeguard the security of vessels, facilities, individuals and property.
  Article 2 Definitions
  The following terms are used in connection with Kaohsiung Port, VTMS in this guideline:
 
  • Vessels refer to mechanically propelled vessels of 20 tons in gross tonnage or more, including merchant ships, naval vessels, work ships, fishing boats and official use vessels.Harbor area photographinery, including merchant ship, navy ship, working ship, fishing boat and the vessels exclusively used for official purpose.
  • The Vessel Traffic Management System of Kaohsiung Port (hereafter: Vessel Traffic Center, VTC). The management unit (located at L 22°33'37"N,λ 120°17'57"E) shall be called "Kaohsiung Port Control" and act as the executive administrator of the VTC at the Port of Kaohsiung.
 
  • Traffic administration area: administration responsibilities shall be divided two sectors, north and south, with the dividing line determined by a hypothetical line running through the Chung-Chow pipeline (seaward side) and the Chien-Cheng River (interior side). The two sectors are separately administered in order to more efficiently control inbound and outbound vessels through the No. 1 and No. 2 entrances.
  • The vessel traffic service area (VTS area): the water area centered at the point of 22°35'N, 120°17'E with a range of 20 nautical miles beyond traffic area administration, within which vessel data is collected and assessed.
  • Designated channel: VHF channels and areas of use include - 
    North sector channel 14 (156.7 MHz); 
    South sector channel 12 (156.6 MHz); 
    VTS area channel 11 (156.55 MHz)
  • Safe speed: Vessel speeds should be appropriate to make appropriate responses / stop in order to avoid collisions under prevailing conditions.
  Article 3 Scope of Application
  The Guidelines are applicable to all vessels moving, stationary and berthed within the traffic administration and vessel traffic service areas as well as the owners, agents, captains and pilots of such.
 

 

   Chapter Ⅱ Reporting System

 

  Article 4 Categories of Ships Required to Comply with System Requirements
  Vessels of types listed that are moving, stationary or berthed within the traffic administration or VTS area must participate in the reporting system, and are subject to VTS administration.
 
  1. Vessels of 500 tons in gross tonnage or more and propelled by machinery.Harbor area photograph
  2. Vessels of 50 meters in length or more and propelled by machinery.
  3. Vessels towed or pushed by other vessels in a configuration that totals 500 gross tons or more, 50 meters in length or more, or 50 meters in tow or more.
  4. Any passenger vessels fitted with a VHF radio.
  5. Any vessel less than 50 meters in length or 500 tons in gross tonnage, fitted with a VHF radio, navigating within the fairway or separation zone in cases of emergency.
  Article 5 Vessel Situation Reporting Requirements
  The vessel captain must make a report to the VTC when in the following situations and / or positions:
 
  1. Approaching the VTC at a point more than 20 nautical miles out.
  2. Approaching the VTC at a point 12 nautical miles out.
  3. Passing the north termination of the separation zone ( L 22°36’37”51”N,λ 120°10’29”E), buoy F2 ( L 22°38’18”N,λ 120°11’53”E).
  4. Passing the south termination of the separation zone ( L 22°34’18”N,λ 120°12’42”E),buoy S3 ( L 22°33’05”N,λ 120°13’12”E).Harbor area photograph
  5. Pilot aboard, or navigating 2 nautical miles off the first entrance breakwater (without pilot).
  6. Pilot aboard, or navigating 3 nautical miles off the second entrance breakwater (without pilot).
  7. Prior to and after anchoring.
  8. Soon after weighing-up or dropping the anchor.
  9. Passing the Chien-Cheng River.
  10. Soon after berthing or unberthing at a wharf, dock or buoy.
  11. When the outbound vessel enters the No. 1 Entrance two-way traffic lane or drops the outbound pilot.
  12. When the outbound vessel enters the No. 2 Entrance two-way traffic lane or drops the outbound pilot.
  13. In case of emergency, the pilot may assume reporting duties after boarding.
  Article 6 Content of Ship Reporting Messages
  All vessels moving, stationary and berthed within the traffic administration and vessel traffic service areas, must report to VTC
The first message from a reporting vessel to VTC must include:
 
  1. Ship name and call sign or IMO identification number.Harbor area photograph
  2. Vessel position and time when passing reporting points.
  3. Ship course.
  4. Ship speed.
  5. Ship destination.
  6. General description of dangerous cargo carried, if any.
  7. Type of vessel.
  The second message from a reporting vessel to VTC must include:
    Ship name
    Vessel position and time when passing reporting points.
  Article 7 Incident Reporting
  If a vessel is involved in a traffic accident, pollution incident, or emergency event in the Port of Kaohsiung VTS area, the captain must take appropriate emergency measures and report to VTC immediately via the appropriate VHF channel or other communication channel.
  Article 8 Navigation Obstruction Reporting
  When a vessel encounters obstructions, e.g., sandbars, reefs or flotsam that may endanger the safety of navigation in the Port of Kaohsiung area, a report must be made immediately to VTC.
  Article 9 Reports of Deviation
  The master or pilot may deviate from these guidelines in order to prevent risk to human life / property or to prevent the release of pollution. Upon doing so, the master or pilot must make a report immediately to the VTC
  Article 10 Language
  Mandarin Chinese and English are the two languages used in the Port of Kaohsiung VTS system.
   

 

   Chapter Ⅲ Vessel Traffic Management

 

  Article 11 Governing Law and Code
  Vessels navigating in the VTS area must abide by relevant stipulations in the CONVENTION ON THE INTERNATIONAL REGULATIONS FOR PREVENTING COLLSIONS AT SEA 1972 and provisions with respect to collision prevention and signals provided in the Merchant Port Law and Regulations for International Commercial Port Administration.
  Article 12 Safe Speed
  Vessels in the VTS area must navigate at a safe speed, with their engine on stand-by.
  Article 13 Anchorage
  Vessels in the VTS area must anchor in designated anchorage areas.
  Article 14 Anchoring in case of Emergency
  No vessels shall cast anchor in fairways, turning circle, or other non-anchoring area unless necessitated by emergency.
Emergency anchoring positions must be reported immediately to the VTC.
  Article 15 Anchoring in poor visibility
  Vessels which cast anchor due to poor visibility or in case of emergency must show and sound appropriate signals and report to VTC immediately.
  Article 16 Navigation in Port
  Vessels must navigate as slowly as practicable in the port. Vessels shall not navigate side-by-side nor overtake or impede other vessels. They shall maintain ample distance from diving / surveying / repair activities, navigation aids, and other underwater operations.
  Article 17 Barge Operation in Anchorage Area
  Vessels conducting barge operations alongside other ships in the anchorage area must receive prior approval from the Port Authority, report to VTC in advance, and operate in conformity with related codes and rules.
  Article 18 Organization of the Traffic
  The VTC shall organize traffic based on practical considerations. Vessels entering or leaving port must apply in advance and navigate in accordance with VTC arrangements. The VTC may adjust or change traffic arrangements as necessary.
  Article 19 Radio Watch
  Vessels navigating, anchoring, berthing, or operating in VTS area must maintain radio watch on the proper channel and be ready to respond to VTC questions. Use of official channels for chatting or non-authorized communications is prohibited.
   

 

  Chapter Ⅳ Vessel Traffic Service

 

  Article 20 VTS Service
  The VTC may render information services that include the position, identity and intentions of other vessels, waterway conditions, weather, hazards, etc.
  Article 21 Advisory Function of VTS
  In order to prevent dangerous maritime traffic situations and to provide for the safe and efficient movement of vessel traffic within the VTS area, the VTC may provide message, information, advice, warnings / instructions to a vessel or multiple vessels.
   

 

  Chapter Ⅴ Navigation of Vessel

 

  Article 23 Traffic Separation Scheme
  This guideline is applied in traffic separation scheme waters. Vessels must follow the proper traffic lane as shown in Appendix 1 when navigating in VTS waters. 
Vessels must follow the direction indicated by markers when navigating outside VTS waters.
  Article 24 Under Keel Clearance
  Vessels navigating in applicable waters under this guidelines must keep the under keel clearance adequate and not less than 0.5 meters.
  Article 25 Prohibition of Overtaking
  In the two-way traffic lane, vessels are prohibited from overtaking one another. In other traffic lanes, overtaking can be done only with the concurrence of the vessel overtaken.
  Article 26 Navigation of Small Vessels
  When navigating in the same channel, small vessels must not endanger the safety of larger vessels.
  Article 27 Give-way in Separation Scheme
  When two vessels are in risk of collision, the vessel not navigating in the traffic separation lane must give appropriate leeway for the vessel navigating in the traffic lane.
  Article 28 Visibility
  When visibility is less than 1 nautical mile, the bulk carriers of 60,000 gross tons or more must not enter or leave the port, and other vessels must navigate at a moderate speed. When visibility is less than 500 meters, all vessels are prohibited from entering or leaving the harbor, with the exception of public service vessels and vessels holding special permission.
   

 

  Chapter Ⅵ Anchorage and Berthing of Vessel

 

  Article 29 Anchorage
Vessels shall be limited to anchoring in anchorage areas specified in Appendix Ⅱ of these guidelines, anchoring said areas is prohibited. No vessel or installation shall be permitted to anchor beyond the boundaries of anchorage areas under any circumstances.
  Article 30 Anchoring Report and Watch
Vessels wanting to anchor must apply to the VTC (via the VHF channel) to secure an anchoring position. Application should be made 20 nautical miles in advance of arrival. The vessel must report to the VTC and maintain radio watch for 10 minutes after anchoring and heaving anchor.
  Article 31 Duty and Watch
In order to maintain maneuvering and handling abilities in case of emergency, vessels must retain sufficient crew members on duty i.e., at least one-third of the full crew complement plus one officer on deck and looking after machinery. At least one-third of the crew and officers should be kept onboard after a typhoon warning has been issued.
  Article 32 Measures in Bad Weather
Vessels must take precautions before and during periods of strong gusting winds and typhoons, and shall be subject to the direct orders and instructions of the VTC. Once a typhoon warning has been issued, vessels lying at anchor in the anchorage area must maintain a tight vigil in order to respond quickly to emergencies.
   

 

  Chapter Ⅶ Traffic Administration

 

  Article 33 VTS Instruction
All vessel movements, whether navigating or berthing within Port of Kaohsiung VTS administration, shall be subject to VTC instructions and administration.
  Article 34 Mandatory measures
For safety purposes, VTC may take specific security measures for vessels that experience difficulty maneuvering or that carry dangerous chemicals in bulk or other inflammable / explosive cargoes. The VTC retains the right to take necessary / mandated measures in the event a vessel / installation is involved in an accident or not under command that threatens to endanger traffic or the environment.
  Article 35 Docking Operations
The dockyard must report to the VTC one (1) hour prior to docking / undocking.
  Article 36 Safety Information
Vessels must keep radio watch at all times to receive timely navigation / safety information issued by the VTC.

 

  Chapter Ⅷ Miscellaneous Provisions

 

  Article 37 Waiting for Berth
Vessels waiting outside of the entrance for berth space must report to the VTC and must not wander into the separation scheme or anchorage area.
  Article 38 Fishing
Fishing or setting up equipment to fish in fairways, anchorage areas, silt dumping areas or quayside waterfront is strictly prohibited.
  Article 39 Pilotage
All piloting operation sequences must be transmitted to the VTC by the Pilot Office in advance. Vessels picking up or dropping off a pilot must do so at the designated location. Any deviation from approved pilot operations (e.g., due to bad weather) must be reported to the VTC.
  Article 40 Compass Adjustment
Vessels adjusting compasses in the VTS area must make a report to the VTC in advance and observe the following requirements:
  1. Vessels must vertically exhibit the international signal flags "S-M"
  2. Vessels measuring speed must inform via the VHF channel other vessels passing-by about their operation schedule, and exchange collision-preventing measures and enhance look-out activities.
  Article 42 Towage
Vessels engaging a tow over 300 meters in length or 45 meters in width must receive approval from the VTC at least one hour in advance.
  Article 43 Trial Navigation
Vessels conducting trial navigation must make an advance report to the VTC.
Vessels conducting trial navigation must exhibit (vertically) the international signal flags of "R-U-1" during the daytime and three all-round lights of "White, Green, Red" in a vertical line after dark
Anchoring trials must make an advance report to the VTC.
Vessels under trial navigation must (via the VHF channel) exchange collision preventing measures with passing vessels and strengthen look-out.
  Article 44. Implementation and Entry into Force
These guidelines shall take effect from their date of announcement by the Port of Kaohsiung, TIPC, Ltd.
   

 

   Annex Ⅰ   THE TRAFFIC SEPARATION SCHEMES OF PORT OF KAOSHIUNG

 

  (Blue  GRS67       Red  WGS84)
  The traffic lane of the first (north) entrance

(1) Precautionary area with recommended direction (Vessel entering in this area must be approved by VTS controller.)

North limit:
A4 22o 38’ 18” , 120 o 13’ 06" 22o 38’ 12” , 120 o 13’ 35"
A5 22o 37’ 21” , 120 o 14’ 56" 22o 37’ 15” , 120 o 15’ 25"
South limit:
B1 22o 37’ 10” , 120 o 14’ 54" 22o 37’ 04” , 120 o 15’ 23"
B3 22o 37’ 08” , 120 o 12’ 48" 22o 37’ 02” , 120 o 13’ 17"

(2) Traffic lane ( vessels using the traffic separation scheme must proceeding in the appropriate traffic lane and following general direction of traffic flow )

Separation line
F1 22o 37’ 44” , 120 o 12’ 53" 22o 37’ 38” , 120 o 13’ 22"
F2 22o 37’ 58” , 120 o 11’ 50" 22o 37’ 52” , 120 o 12’ 19"
Outbound lane
A3 22o 38’ 46” , 120 o 12’ 11" 22o 38’ 40” , 120 o 12’ 40"
A4 22o 38’ 18” , 120 o 13’ 06" 22o 38’ 12” , 120 o 13’ 35"
Inbound
B3 22o 37’ 08” , 120 o 12’ 48" 22o 37’ 02” , 120 o 13’ 17"
B4 22o 37’ 07” , 120 o 11’ 41" 22o 37’ 00” , 120 o 12’ 10"

(3) North Pilotage station (For inbound vessels )

P1 22o 37’ 27” , 120 o 12’ 48" 22o 37’ 21” , 120 o 13’ 17"

 

   
  The traffic lane of the second ( south ) entrance
(1) Precautionary area with recommended direction ( Vessel entering in this area must be approved by VTS controller. )
North limit:
C4 22o 33’ 08” , 120 o 15’ 15" 22o 33’ 02” , 120 o 15’ 44"
C6 22o 33’ 10” , 120 o 17’ 34" 22o 33’ 04” , 120 o 18’ 03"
South limit:
D1 22o 32’ 58” , 120 o 17’ 27" 22o 32’ 51” , 120 o 17’ 56"
D2 22o 32’ 16” , 120 o 15’ 25" 22o 32’ 10” , 120 o 16’ 00"

(2) Traffic lane ( vessels using the traffic separation scheme must proceed in the appropriate traffic lane and follow the general direction of traffic flow )

  Separation line
> >
S1 22o 32’ 43” , 120 o 15’ 20" 22o 32’ 37” , 120 o 15’ 49"
S2 22o 32’ 22” , 120 o 13’ 27" 22o 32’ 15” , 120 o 13’ 55"
Outbound lane
C3 22o 33’ 06” , 120 o 13’ 01" 22o 33’ 00” , 120 o 13’ 30"
C4 22o 33’ 08” , 120 o 15’ 15" 22o 33’ 02” , 120 o 15’ 44"
Inbound lane
D2 22o 32’ 16” , 120 o 15’ 25" 22o 32’ 10” , 120 o 16’ 00"
D3 22o 31’ 40” , 120 o 13’ 50" 22o 31’ 34” , 120 o 14’ 19"
(3) South Pilot station ( For inbound vessel )
P2 22o 32’ 28” , 120 o 15’ 24" 22o 32’ 22” , 120 o 15’ 53"
   
  The separation traffic lane on the west side of No.2 and No.3 anchorage areas(vessels using the traffic separation scheme must proceeding in the appropriate traffic lane and following general direction of traffic flow)
(1)Separation zone ( Prohibit to enter, unless emergency )
R1 22o 35’ 36” , 120 o 11’ 19" 22o 35’ 30” , 120 o 11’ 48"
R2 22o 35’ 36” , 120 o 10’ 43" 22o 35’ 30” , 120 o 11’ 12"
R3 22o 34’ 24” , 120 o 11’ 10" 22o 34’ 18” , 120 o 11’ 39"
R4 22o 34’ 24” , 120 o 11’ 47" 22o 34’ 18” , 120 o 12’ 16"
(2)Southbound lane
R5 22o 35’ 36” , 120 o 09’ 52" 22o 35’ 30” , 120 o 10’ 21"
R6 22o 34’ 24” , 120 o 10’ 18" 22o 34’ 18” , 120 o 10’ 47"
(3)Northbound lane
R7 22o 35’ 36” , 120 o 12’ 12" 22o 35’ 30” , 120 o 12’ 41"
R8 22o 34’ 24” , 120 o 12’ 37" 22o 34’ 18” , 120 o 13’ 06"
Harbor area photograph
   
  Sailing Direction
  Part I

The first (north) entrance approaches

 
  From Kaohsiung lighthouse a two-way traffic lane leads 2.5 miles WNW. The north boundary of the lane extends from the head of north breakwater with direction 300 degrees, and the south boundary extends from the head of the south breakwater with direction 270 degrees.
  A traffic separation scheme connects with the two-way traffic lane. The north boundary of the scheme extends from the north boundary of the two-way traffic lane with direction 300 degrees, and the length is one mile from the end of the two-way traffic lane. The south boundary of the scheme extends from the end of the south boundary of the two-way traffic lane with direction 250 degrees and length one mile from the end of the two-way traffic lane. Separations line with direction 285 degrees length 1-mile divides the water area between the boundaries into two traffic lanes for inbound and outbound vessels apart.
  North pilot station is located at the meet-point of the inbound traffic lane and the two-way traffic lane, distance from Kaohsiung lighthouse 2.5 miles.
   
 

Part II

The second (south) entrance approaches

 
  From Kaohsiung VTC a two-way traffic lane leads 3 miles westerly. The north boundary of the lane extends from the head of north breakwater with direction 270 degrees outbound, and the south boundary extends from the head of south breakwater with direction 250 degrees outbound.
  A traffic separation scheme connects with the two-way traffic lane. The north boundary of the scheme extends from the north boundary of the two-way traffic lane with direction 270 degrees and the length is two miles from the end of the two-way traffic lane. The south boundary of the scheme extends from the south boundary of the traffic lane with direction 250 degrees for 1.7 miles from the end of the two-way traffic lane. Separations line with direction 260 degrees length 1.8-mile divides the water area between the boundaries into two traffic lanes for inbound and outbound vessels apart.
  South pilot station is located at the meet-point of the inbound traffic lane and the two-way traffic lane, distance from Kaohsiung VTC 3 miles.
   
 

Part III

West channel

 
  A separation zone is half a mile wide.
  A southbound traffic lane is eight cables wide and 1.2 miles long with direction 163 degrees.
  A northbound traffic lane is eight cables wide and 1.2 miles long with direction 343 degrees.
   

 

   Annex 2 Anchorage Areas of Port of Kaohsiung

 

  (Blue  GRS67、  Red  WGS84)
  First anchorage area

(1) Area limit:

A1 (22o 38’ 42” , 120 o 14’ 30") (22o 38’ 36” , 120 o 14’ 59")
A2 (22o 40’ 00” , 120 o 12’ 13") (22o 39’ 54” , 120 o 12’ 42")
A3 (22o 38’ 46” , 120 o 12’ 11") (22o 38’ 40” , 120 o 12’ 40")
A4 (22o 37’ 21” , 120 o 14’ 56") (22o 37’ 15” , 120 o 15’ 25")

(2)Purpose : For the medium and small vessels transit via the first (north) entrance, also a spare anchorage for dangerous cargo ship.

   
  Second anchorage area

(1) Area limit:

B2 (22o 37’ 10” , 120 o 14’ 38") (22o 37’ 04” , 120 o 15’ 07")
B4 (22o 37’ 07” , 120 o 11’ 41") (22o 37’ 00” , 120 o 12’ 10")
R7 (22o 35’ 36” , 120 o 12’ 12") (22o 35’ 30” , 120 o 12’ 41")
B5 (22o 35’ 36” , 120 o 15’ 44") (22o 35’ 30” , 120 o 16’ 13")

(2)Purpose: For the non-dangerous cargo ship transit via the first (north) entrance.

   Harbor area photograph
  Third anchorage area

(1) Limit:

C1 (22o 34’ 24” , 120 o 15’ 18") (22o 34’ 18” , 120 o 15’ 47")
C2 (22o 34’ 24” , 120 o 12’ 37") (22o 34’ 18” , 120 o 13’ 06")
C3 (22o 33’ 06” , 120 o 13’ 01") (22o 33’ 00” , 120 o 13’ 30")
C5 (22o 33’ 10” , 120 o 17’ 17") (22o 33’ 04” , 120 o 17’ 46")
T4 (22º34'49"、120º16'16") (22º34'43"、120º16'45")
T3 (22º34'08"、120º15'19") (22º34'02"、120º15'48")
T2 (22º34'19"、120º15'11") (22º34'13"、120º15'40")

(2)Purpose: For medium and small non-dangerous cargo ship transit via the second (south) entrance.

   
  Fourth anchorage area
(1) Area limit:
D1 (22o 32’ 58” , 120 o 17’ 27") (22o 32’ 51” , 120 o 17’ 56")
D3 (22o 31’ 40” , 120 o 13’ 50") (22o 31’ 34” , 120 o 14’ 19")
D4 (22o 30’ 36” , 120 o 14’ 30") (22o 30’ 30” , 120 o 14’ 59")
D5 (22o 31’ 52” , 120 o 18’ 06") (22o 31’ 46” , 120 o 18’ 35")

(2) Purpose: For large container vessel, bulk carrier transit via the second (south) entrance, also a spare anchorage for dangerous cargo ships. 

   
  Anchorage area for  dangerous cargo ships
(1) Area limit:
R7 (22o 35’ 36” , 120 o 12’ 12") (22o 35’ 30” , 120 o 12’ 41")
B5 (22o 35’ 36” , 120 o 15’ 44") (22o 35’ 30” , 120 o 16’ 13")
B6 (22o 35’ 00” , 120 o 16’ 06") (22o 34’ 54” , 120 o 16’ 38")
C1 (22o 34’ 24” , 120 o 15’ 18") (22o 34’ 18” , 120 o 15’ 47")
C2 (22o 34’ 24” , 120 o 12’ 37") (22o 34’ 18” , 120 o 13’ 06")

(2) Purpose: Exclusively for dangerous cargo ships only. 

Traffic Separation Scheme and Anchorage at Port of Kaohsiung

Last updated:2016-12-05
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