:::
:::

Comprehensive Planning and Development

Skip Label and go to Content

Port of Kaohsiung 2040 Master Plan Executive Summary

            Despite a recent decline in ranking, Kaohsiung Port is today the world’s 12th largest container port and Taiwan’s largest international commercial harbor. In addition to serving as a container transshipment hub port, she is also the major port in Taiwan for the import and export of bulk cargo. International manufacturing, commerce and shipping trends point to Taiwan currently transitioning from a service-intensive industrial to knowledge-based industrial economy. It is clear today that Kaohsiung Port can no longer rely on the strengths of its convenient location. Change will be the only effective approach to facing and succeeding against brutal competition. Service quality, expansion, competitive strategy and institutional changes are necessary for the Port of Kaohsiung to confirm and grow its market in the Asia-Pacific region. In order to cooperate with the government’s strong attempt to further economic growth, Kaohsiung Port must play a more aggressive role in the global economic and shipping market.


The Comprehensive Development Plan for International Ports in the Taiwan Area (2012-2016) approved on June 20, 2011 designated the following development orientations for Kaohsiung Port:

1. Container transshipment hub port;
2. Comprehensive value-added logistic port;
3. Import/export center for major energy, heavy industry and petrifaction materials and a logistics center for petroleum products;
4. International tourism and commercial service port.


In response to the development plan and to global/domestic environment trends, this study recommended the following key plans addressing port remediation and future development:

1. Port land development and utilization - 

(1)




(2)





(3)




(4)

Responding to the growing size of modern container ships, Kaohsiung Port must develop more deep water container berths through such plans as the ongoing international container terminal project in order to integrate port functionality, raise unit production rates, increase operational efficiency and reduce operating costs. Its ability to effectively meet the needs of the largest container ships will be key to Kaohsiung Port maintaining and expanding its role as an international transshipment center.

The functions of port have already changed from traditional loading and unloading to international warehousing, logistics and distribution. The port must thus provide full and integrated functions that include transportation, logistics, distribution, reprocessing and transshipments for shipper customers in order to increase port competitiveness and value. In order to provide such integrated services, Kaohsiung Port must adjust its current land allocation strategy to develop a free trade processing zone and assist shippers to develop their global logistics networks.

Most heavy industrial in or near the port area were built in the 1970s. These aging facilities must be upgraded. However, lack of industrial land in the port area is a crucial issue that is making replacement of existing production lines difficult and slowing the expansion of bulk cargo volumes at Kaohsiung Port. In addition to greater efficiency, introducing new technologies and facilities can also reduce pollution from current levels. This report proposes the Third Harbor Area for future expansion to help industry upgrade.

Berths #1~#22 are located in the Pen-Lai and Lin-Ya commercial areas, which were developed more than sixty years ago. Due to the expansion of Kaohsiung City, these berths are now located in the center of the city’s business district. Redevelopment is an important issue for these berths.
2. Modification of the port area -

(1)

(2)

Reallocate port waters, land and anchorage areas in accordance with Third Harbor Area development plans

Adjust port land area to include the Nan-Sin land development area and redraw the boundary of Cheng-Jen Fishing Port.

3. Modification of ship deadweight tonnage and water area facilities – 
Harbor entrance Deadweight Tonnage
First Entrance 30,000 DWT 
Second Entrance Inner area  13,000 TEU/143,000 DWT
Outer area 18,000 TEU/198,444 DWT
Third Harbor Area  18,000TEU +/242,800 DWT
300,000 DWT




(1)

(2)

(3)


Along with changes to deadweight tonnage, modifications to the following water area facilities will be made:

First harbor entrance: expand effective harbor entrance width to 98 m and dredge water depth to -12.5 m.

Second harbor entrance: expand effective harbor entrance width to 183 m and dredge water depth to -17.5 m.

Third harbor entrance: plan a harbor entrance width of 400 m and depth of -24.0 m.
4. Improvement to berths and hinterland - 

(1)

(2)

(3)

(4)

Change the function of Berths #1~#22 from bulk cargo to recreation, tourism and cruise terminals. 

Move the petrochemical berths in the Chu-dao & Cheng-jeng commercial area to International Container Terminal Phase II. 

Continue to develop International Container Terminal Phase I & II projects and the northern breakwater. 

Develop Container Terminal No. 4 hinterland.
5. Constructing the Harbor Connection Transportation System -
        Factors critical to free trade port success include superior physical location, convenient sea transportation, simplified legislation and appropriate incentives. An even more important issue, however, is to bring high value added processes to the area. Streamlining transportation is a crucial issue in determining cost and achieving just-in-time delivery. Thus, constructing an inner port transportation network and direct access to major national roadways are of critical concern to businesses located in the logistics and free trade processing zone. 
6. Developing a green port – 
     “Sustainability” is the ultimate goal of next generation ports. In order to achieve green port goals, Kaohsiung is launching several projects to improve the environment that will construct new sewage, shoreline power supply, solar power collection and distribution, and energy saving systems as well as build a green zone and increase the use of recycled materials. Enforcement of green policies can help Kaohsiung Port achieve a more harmonious balance among social, economic and ecological priorities.


Based on the above comprehensive planning program, Port of Kaohsiung,TIPC,Ltd has concluded the following major development plan for 2012-2016. It includes both government and private investment components: 

1 Breakwater & facilities in the water area

1.1

West breakwater construction work for the north sheltering facility of Kaohsiung International Container Terminal phase II area (105-106)
2 Wharf facilities

2.1

2.2

2.3

 Continue reconstruction work on Kaohsiung harbor #115, 116 and 117 berths (99-103)

Deepen and reconstruct China Steel Company berths #97~#99, #101 (101~103)

Relocate the CPC SPM to an offshore unloading berth (102-105)
3 Warehouse facilities

3.1

3.2

3.3

Warehouse reconstruction project in the Chun-Dao commercial area (Phase 1) (101-104)

Warehouse reconstruction project in the Cheng-Jeng commercial area (102-103)

Warehouse reconstruction project in the Nan-Sing project area (102-103)
4 Land development

4.1

4.2

4.3

4.4

4.5


4.6

4.7

4.8

4.9


4.10

4.11

4.12

4.13


4.14

Continue the land development project in Kaohsiung Cheng-Jeng area (97-102)

Continue the Nan-Sing land development project (100-103)

Continue the Kaohsiung Port passenger center project (100-102)

Begin planned yard expansion at Container Terminal No. 4 (104-107)

Begin land development project in the Cheng-Jeng area (First amendment). Land to be acquired from the National Property Administration, Ministry of Finance (102)

Continue the private investment project in the Cheng-Jeng commercial area (100-102)

Continue the berth operation and yard facility BOT project at International Container Terminal Phase I (96-103)

Secure private sector investment in the logistics area of the International Container Terminal Phase I (102-105)

Secure private sector investment in the petrochemical area of the International Container Terminal Phase II (102-108)

Begin the Green Energy Industry investment plan at the Nan-Sing reclamation area (102-103)

Attract private sector investment to the old Kaohsiung harbor area (Phase I) (104-108)

Attract private sector investment to the International Container Terminal Phase II (105-110)

Attract private sector investment in the north sheltering facility of the International Container Terminal Phase II (104-109)

Attract private sector investment in the warehouse reconstruction project in the Chun-Dao area (Phase I) (101-103)
5 Public utilities

5.1

5.2

5.3

5.4

Continue the Kaohsiung Port viaduct expressway project (98-103)

Continue the self-propelled dredger replacement project (one vessel) (99-102)

Continue the 5200 HP tugboat replacement project (2 vessels) (100-102)

Begin constructing the harbor sewage system (Phase II) (102-103) 
6 Major development project

6.1 

Continue the International Container Terminal Phase II project (100-108)
            It is estimated that total investment will reach NT$75.388 billion for the period 2012 to 2016. This total includes government investments of NT$41.349 billion and private sector investments of NT$34.039 billion. After completion of major public facilities such as the International Container Terminal Phases 1 & 2 and the viaduct expressway, the Port of Kaohsiung,TIPC,Ltd. will look to private sector investors to take advantage of new opportunities and invest in logistics operation centers at the port. Stability and growth in cargo sources and operational efficiencies combined with new operating strategies and systems will help the Port of Kaohsiung maintain its status as a strategic hub port and enter a new era of competitiveness and growth.

Future Layout of Kaohsiung Port

Last updated:2016-11-30
  • Go back
  • Go top
[Print]